Revival of Hanfu in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Revival of Hanfu in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

The Ming and Qing eras are two important periods in Chinese history, the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912). During these two periods, especially from the end of the Ming Dynasty to the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Hanfu experienced a brief but important revival and became a force in fashion trends.

1. Revival of Hanfu during the Ming Dynasty
During the Ming Dynasty, especially the late Ming Dynasty, a series of social and cultural changes took place, and one of them was the revival of the traditional Hanfu. The main features included:

Emphasis on ceremonial dress: In the Ming Dynasty, ceremonial culture was increasingly respected, so the revival of Hanfu was also manifested in the emphasis on ceremonial dress. Men and women wore hanfu, which emphasized etiquette, and became the formal dress code for social occasions.
Imitation of Ancient Costumes of the Ming and Qing Dynasties: In terms of costume design, people began to imitate the ancient costumes of the early Ming and Qing dynasties, emphasizing elements such as wide robes with large sleeves and embroidered gold and silver threads. This style of Hanfu became increasingly popular in fashion.
The royal family regulated the costumes: The royal family in the Ming Dynasty regulated the costumes, and the costumes in the court still retained some traditional elements, which also had some influence on the costumes of the society. 2.
2. Revival of Chinese dress in the early Qing Dynasty
In the early Qing Dynasty, especially in the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, because the founder of the Qing Dynasty was a Manchurian, the Manchurian dress gradually replaced the Chinese dress as the mainstream. However, some revivals of Hanfu can still be seen in the early Qing Dynasty:

Folk Hanfu: In the early Qing Dynasty, some folk people still retained and wore the traditional costumes of the Han Dynasty. This was mainly in some more remote areas and some culturally conservative groups.
Conservative literati: The conservative attitude of some literati towards traditional culture made them pay more attention to the tradition in their dress, still wearing the traditional Chinese hanfu dress, forming a special style of the literati in the early Qing Dynasty.
Generally speaking, although the revival of Hanfu in the Ming and Qing dynasties did not dominate the fashion trend, it still existed in some social levels and specific groups, which laid some cultural foundation for the revival of Hanfu later.

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